Native Americans in Michigan Research Project
Where did the Ottawa tribe live?
Ottawa, Algonquian-speaking North American Indians whose original territory focused on the Ottawa River, the French River, and Georgian Bay, in present northern Michigan, U.S., and southeastern Ontario and southwestern Quebec, Canada.
What was the Ottawa tribe known for?
From the start of the colony of New France (Canada), the Ottawa became important to the French in the fur trade business. In 1701 the French colonists built Fort Detroit in Michigan and established a trading post there. Many Ottawa moved there from their traditional homeland.
Where is the Ottawa tribe today?
The Ottawa Tribe of Oklahoma is made up of descendants of the Ottawa who, after migrating from Canada into Michigan, agreed to live in the area around Fort Detroit and Maumee River in Ohio. After the passage of the Indian Removal Bill in 1830 they were removed to villages in Ohio, Illinois, and Michigan.
What did the Ottawa tribe believe in?
Religion The Ottawa recognized Manitou, the great spirit, along with many lesser spirits, both good and evil. Around puberty, boys and girls sought visions through dreams or in isolated areas.
What type of government did the Ottawa tribe have?
The Government structure of the Ottawa Tribe of Oklahoma was made up of band chiefs who formed a governing council with a head chief. Each band elected their own Chief and then these Chiefs would elect a Head Chief. Now they have a Chief, Second Chief, Secretary/Treasurer, First Councilman, and Second Councilman.
What kind of house did the Ottawa live in?
The Ottawa typically lived in Wigmans. Wigwam comes from the Algonquian word wikewam for "dwelling.” There are different kinds of wigwams — some are more suited for warm weather, and others are built for winter.
Where is the Potawatomi tribe originally from?
Potawatomi, Algonquian-speaking tribe of North American Indians who were living in what is now northeastern Wisconsin, U.S., when first observed by Europeans in the 17th century.
What were the Potawatomi known for?
The Potawatomi built large, bark-covered houses. They also built smaller, dome-shaped homes called wigwams. They grew corn and squash and gathered berries, seeds, and wild rice. They fished and hunted deer, bison (buffalo), elk, and small animals.
Where is the Potawatomi tribe today?
Today, the Forest County Potawatomi Community is thriving with an enrolled membership of about 1,400. Nearly half of the Tribe lives on the reservation, comprised of four communities in the southern section of Forest County, Wisconsin. Under Indian Removal, they eventually ceded many of their lands, and most of the Potawatomi relocated to Nebraska, Kansas, and Indian Territory, now in Oklahoma. Some bands survived in the Great Lakes region and today are federally recognized as tribes.
What do the Potawatomi believe in?
Religion. Traditional Potawatomi religion is not a separate practice, but runs through every aspect of tribal life. Religion connects the tribe to their community, to nature, to their ancestors, and to the supernatural world.
How did the Potawatomi tribe govern themselves?
Federally recognized tribes were sovereign (in charge of their land and affairs). They had their own governments, laws, police, and services, similar to any other independent country. Most Potawatomi groups are governed by elected tribal councils.
What religion did the Potawatomi tribe follow?
Many know about the Citizen Potawatomi's long ties to the Catholic Church, with French missionaries first introducing the Christian religion to the tribes of the Great Lakes region as far back as the 17th century.
What did the Potawatomi houses look like?
What were Potawatomi homes like in the past? There were two types of dwellings used by the Potawatomis: dome-shaped houses called wigwams, and rectangular lodges with bark covering. Here are some photos of birchbark homes. Potawatomi villages usually included a sweat lodge, meat-drying huts, and a ballfield.